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When we speak of acquired cerebral damage (ACD) we refer to a cerebral injury that suddenly interrupts in the life of the person affected. The clearest example is the grave secondary cranium-concussion traumatism that can come from a traffic accident. Other important causes of cerebral damage that can cause a loss of self-reliance are ictus, cerebral tumors and infections.

The wide degree of severity and the possible consequences cover a wide scope of damage which ranges from total recovery to a total vegetable state. Some of the consequences can have a big affect on the self-reliance of the patient and modify the way of life of the immediate family. On the Menni network work is carried out on this group with the aim of helping them to recover autonomy and quality of life.

Cranium-concussion traumatism
Cranium-concussion traumatism (CT) is a blow to the skull with sufficient intensity to alter the level of conscience or to cause a skull fracture. Most people who suffer this CT are Young people who have had traffic accidents or work accidents. Another source of CTs are the result of falls (especially children or old people), aggressions and blows resulting from sports or high-risk activities.

Ictus: strokes and cerebral hemorrhage
Ictus, or accidents cerebral-vascular accidents (CVA), are provoked by problems of cerebral blood flow ictus can occur because of obstruction in the artery which, in that case, is called thrombosis. Another cause is a rupture of the artery, which is called a hemorrhage. The term burst blood vessel is used to define this type of ictus. The extension of the cerebral area affected, the localization of the injury, and the age of the patient are the three factors which decide on the clinical diagnosis which will result over the following days or weeks after the occurrence of the ictus. Thus, we might have a patient on our hands who is in a total vegetable state or we might, at the other extreme, have a patient who fully recovers within days or weeks of the occurrence.

This particular health problem is currently being given special attention by the Ministry of Health under the title –Strategy with Ictus within the National Health System. The Ministry, along with the Regional Communities, scientific societies, affected groups and other interest groups are all combining forces in order to attain a better approach to this illness.

Cerebral damage can have an effect on all the functional areas of the human body. For that reason, the consequences of a cerebral injury can be very varied and complex ones.

Within the family environment.
The family is also affected. The changes that this new situation brings about and its unexpected arrival produces a de-structuralization in the family milieu.

In Spain, CDA has become one of the most important ways for causing human incapacities, causing a high level of dependence for many people who suffer this problem.

Every 4 minutes hospital admittance is made due to CDA.

There are around 144.692 CDA cases each year.

It is estimated that there exist some 300.000 people affected by CDA in a chronic state.
Cerebral vascular cases are the third highest cause of death within the Spanish population and the leading cause of death in woman.

More than 70 % of crania-encephalic traumatisms have their origin in traffic accidents with a significant number of these being young people

More than 3.000 people from Navarra are currently suffering some type of chronic form of CDA.


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